The lawn is a plot of land sowed with cereals which form a dense turf. Grasses have phytoncide and ionizing properties. Beautiful lawns enhance the splendor of colorful flowers, ornamental shrubs and trees.
There are several types of lawns and surfacings. What kind of a lawn will be in your plot of land depends on your preferences. This may be a parterre, meadow or Moorish lawn. And may be you will choose some other surfacing without any grass. Remember that each lawn selected reflects the personality of its owner.
Common garden and park lawn is the most common type of the lawns. A common lawn is the best option for those places where people often walk on the grass or where playgrounds will be located. In addition, such a lawn does not require special care. The main requirements to an ordinary lawn are the following-mechanical damage resistance, durability, ornamentality and shade tolerance. To create an ordinary lawn the following grasses are used - such as meadow grass (Poa pratensis), (Festuca rubra) red fescue grass, (Agrostis vulgaris) fine bent grass, ryegrass perennial, (Festuca pratensis) meadow fescue grass, (Trifolium repens) white clover. At the same time a mixture of 3-5 types of herbs is used
Parterre lawn. This type of lawn is usually laid out in the foreground of the garden and park layouts, at the entrances to the buildings, around the fountains and sculptures. Parterre lawns should be velvety, uniform in color, smooth and have a low-bent herbage. In order to create a velvety surface only the narrow-leaved and low grasses - (Agrostis) bent grass, (Festuca rubra) red fescue grass and meadow grass (Poa pratensis) - are used. Usually, 1 or 2 types of grasses are seeded to form a homogeneous herbage.
Meadow lawn. These lawns are created by the improvement of existing grass stands of natural origin. It is possible to plant bulbous plants in the meadow lawns and leave them in the ground for several years. The advantage of this lawn is that it does not need frequent mowing.
Moorish lawn is a neat grassy cover, which, in addition to grasses, includes wildflowers. The moorish flowering lawns by 5-20 per cent consist of perennial and annual wildflowers, the rest of the lawn are perennial grasses. Flowers for these lawns are chosen so that the flowering should last for ever, that is, there are plants with different flowering periods. Flowering lawns are the most popular because they are completely unpretentious, and require virtually no care, but fascinate everyone by their beauty. The moorish lawns can be created both on the lawns near buildings and along the shores of artificial lakes. Each type of the lawns has its own certain value. When choosing, one should consider any details, including the shape of the soil and surrounding atmosphere.
Lawns for Sports (sports turf) have in their composition fast-growing grasses, which contributes to its rapid recovery. More resistant to trampling down, as compared to other lawns, due to the elastic grass stems and plants with well developed rhizomes. With regular care, sports turf is capable of withstanding heavy loads and intensive movement on it. Sports turf can be used not only in professional playgrounds, but in the sports fields at schools and camps.
Ways to create a lawn.
There are three basic ways to create a lawn:
- Roll turf
A roll turf - is a ready, two-year lawn in a roll, packed in rows. The roll turf differs in the way of its creation. You get the opportunity to purchase a seeded turf in rolls, which is rolled out as a carpet. Regular turf flooring – the fastest of the accepted ways to create a lawn. Just within few weeks we get a fully-formed, ready to use lawn, which cannot not be threatened with the disasters awaiting young growth: blackleg, birds, cats, and annual weeds. There is no need to carefully loosen the soil, the turf instantly puts into shape a bare land, with the boundaries of a new lawn expressed very clearly. Seeded turf flooring - the fastest, but also the most expensive method of creating a lawn.
- Normal seed (seeded) lawn
Hand planting is the cheapest way to create a lawn. Preparation of soil for sowing the seeds should be careful - the most important role plays removing of weeds, because until the grass cover has not covered the entire land plot, there is always a risk that the lawn will be overgrown with weeds. Replacement of the soil is necessary, if the thickness of topsoil on the land plot is less than 10 cm, or in the area with heavy clay soils. Also, the replacement of soil is necessary if the fertile soil at the plot was destroyed during construction.
Before you begin planting grass, the land plot should be carefully cleaned of debris and stones, dug over to a depth of 30-35cm and leveled with a rake. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are introduced during the spring digging, and nitrogen fertilizers - just prior to planting grass. Seeds are sown evenly over the soil surface and buried with rake at a depth of 1.5-3cm. Tthe soil is flatted wjth a roller. Then the soil is kept moist. The soil is carefully watered in order not to wash out seeds. The young lawn shall be mown clean when the grass height is 15-17cm.